ZZ Plants or Zamioculcas Zamiifolia is one of the most popular houseplants! And for good reason. It is one of the most low maintenance plants there are. This low-moisture plant is native to Africa where it experiences common droughts. By utilizing a rhizome root system, it is able to last long periods without watering as well as low light requirements. This quality makes it a perfect candidate for any environment. The naturally waxy leaves are a beautiful addition to any climate.
Easy Care Facts:
ZZ Plants can grow in a variety of lighting situations. As long as its not in direct sunlight it will be fine! Too much direct sunlight can result in brown spots. Optimally bright indirect light is best for faster growth (this plant is a slow grower in general), but it is one of the rare plants that can survive under fluorescent light as well.
Let your ZZ completely dry out before watering. Watering once every month is very common. Some environments can allow multiple months before watering. Overwatering can cause root rot, which in ZZ's is a disgusting project to try to amend. If your ZZ is starting to yellow, it's a sure sign that the rot has begun.
Utilize fertilizer Spring-Fall (local weather depending). Fertilize about once per month using a high quality fertilizer at half recommending strength.
ZZ's can thrive in dry environments. No extra humidity needed.
The ideal temperature in the day is 65-75 degrees F in the daytime, but do not drop below 55 in the evening.
ZZ's are mildly toxic when ingested.
Tips and Tricks
Raven ZZ was up until recently a highly difficult to find variety. Originally cultivated by Costa Farms, it is now widely available. Watch for sellers looking for absurd prices for average sized plants. Larger plants are worth more due to the very long growth process for this plant.
Philodendrons tend to be quick growing plants. Repot in the spring with a pot 1-2 inches larger than the previous pot. Use a well draining soil mix that won't hold excess water to prevent root rot.
Propagating ZZ's is an easy, but long process. You can divide the plant between the rhizome roots. Offshoots of the main plant will develop their own. Simply cut the rhizomes with a sterile knife and repot once callused. You can also propagate the leaves in soil or moss, but the process can take an average of 1-2 years to root.
If your ZZ gets root rot, it may have affected the rhizomes. If this is the case, cut off any rotting parts of the rhizomes. The smell will be noxious, but in some cases you can save the plant.