Chances are you've had a pothos. Or still have it because you couldn't kill it. Pothos are a hardy plant native to the Carribean, Mexico, and South America. The heart shaped, vining foliage comes in a variety of colors and is an easy going plant. In nature pothos can grow 100s of feet long and take over entire trees.
Varieties of Pothos
The jade pothos is the most common varietal in stores. The dark green leaves give this variety away.
Golden pothos are also very common. A bit lighter than the jade, but it has variegation in a golden yellow hue.
Hawaiian pothos or giant pothos is very similar to the golden variety. The main difference is the size (especially when the plant is small). The leaves will start out much larger than a standard pothos.
If you like bright, lemon-lime colored plants, the neon pothos is a great bet. The coloring is bright and settles into a lime green when mature.
Marble Queen Pothos:
A marble queen pothos is similar in variegation to the golden pothos, but the coloration is more white than gold. It will have more spots and specks rather than chunky.
Snow Queen Pothos:
The snow queen will be mostly variegated. The white coloring will be the predominant pigment on the foliage.
N'Joy pothos are also variegated, but it will have a chunkier pattern. Similar to a variegated ivy pattern.
Satin pothos is not actually a pothos, but is commonly looped into the category due to its similar qualities. The variegation will have a silver hue to it that shines beautifully under the right light.
Cebu Bleu Pothos:
Cebu blue pothos are harder to come by in the US, but are popular throughout the world. This variety has a blue hue to it as well as narrower leaves.
Easy Care Facts:
Pothos are capable in living in a wide range of light. Even low light spaces can accommodate this plant. But if you want full, quick growth place near a window for bright indirect light.
Water about weekly when the top inch of soil is dry. Pothos tend to want more water than most plants, but do not like to sit in wet soil. Do not over water, as moist soil can lead to root rot. Winter requires less water.
Utilize fertilizer Spring-Fall (local weather depending). Fertilize about once per month using a high quality fertilizer.
While pothos don't require higher humidity, they will produce larger leaves in new growth when given a more humid environment. You can mist to increase humidity.
The ideal temperature in the day is 65-80 degrees F in the daytime, but do not drop below 55 in the evening.
Pothos leaves are toxic to humans and pets. Typical reactions include swelling of lips and tongue, stomach ache, and vomiting.
Tips and Tricks
Trimming of your pothos is essential! Not only does it promote faster, fuller growth, it allows you to make more plants through propagation. Trim your plant down 2-3 times a year for optimal results. Trim off any yellow or brown leaves as they develop. Yellow leaves tend to be from overwatering, while brown stem from underwatering.
Pothos tend to be quick growing plants, but don't mind being rootbound. Repot in the spring with a pot 1-2 inches larger than the previous pot. Use a well draining soil mix that won't hold excess water to prevent root rot.
Propagating pothos is extremely simple. Just clip off a piece under a node and place in water. It will grow roots rather quickly as long as you change the water at least weekly. After the roots have grown about three inches, you can transition to your potting medium.