Philodendrons are one of the easiest, most colorful groups of houseplants. Most do not require any special attention, so growing a philodendron collection can be quite easy. Of all the types of plants, they are my go to favorite.
Varieties of Vertical Growing Philodendrons
Philodendron Prince of Orange:
Many philodendrons will have new growth come in with a sticking color. The prince of orange philodendron does not dissapoint. New growth comes in bright orange before fading away to it's normal green. The coloration lasts a long time, so if you keep new growth coming it will always have color.
This newer hybrid is grown from a philodendron orange congo. It has beautiful white striping. New leaves on more mature plants come in bright white and then settle to the patterning. Make sure to give them lots of light or else it will revert back to an orange congo.
Philodendron Erubescens "Pink Princess":
The philodendron pink princess is a very popular plant. It was bred to have bright pink variegation that is much sought after. In the US, it can be sold for exorbitant prices.
Philodendron Bipinnatifidum is a popular landscaping and floor plant due to its large size. It can grow around five feet wide!
Philodendron moonlight is becoming a more popular plant. It's lime green foliage is much brighter than your common philodendron.
Easy Care Facts:
Philodendrons are capable in living in a wide range of light. Even low light spaces can accommodate this plant. But if you want full, quick growth place near a window for bright indirect light. Variegated versions will require more sunlight than the standard editions.
Water about weekly when the top 2 inches of soil is dry. Philodendrons tend to want more water than most plants, but do not like to sit in wet soil. Do not over water, as moist soil can lead to root rot. Philodendrons are also susceptible to leaf spot disease when over watered. Winter requires less water.
For philodendrons, I like to utilize equal parts potting soil, orchid bark, perlite, and charcoal.
Utilize fertilizer Spring-Fall (local weather depending). Fertilize about once per month using a high quality fertilizer at half recommending strength.
Most philodendrons do not require higher humidity, although they will produce larger leaves in new growth when given a more humid environment. You can mist to increase humidity.
The ideal temperature in the day is 65-80 degrees F in the daytime, but do not drop below 55 in the evening.
Philodendrons' leaves are toxic to humans and pets. Typical reactions include swelling of lips and tongue, stomach ache, and vomiting.
Tips and Tricks
Trimming of your Philodendrons is essential! Not only does it promote faster, fuller growth, it allows you to make more plants through propagation. Trim your plant down 2-3 times a year for optimal results. Trim off any yellow or brown leaves as they develop. Yellow leaves tend to be from overwatering, while brown stem from underwatering. Variegated plants losing variegation can be trimmed down to the leaf in which it started losing variegation.
Philodendrons tend to be quick growing plants. Repot in the spring with a pot 1-2 inches larger than the previous pot. Use a well draining soil mix that won't hold excess water to prevent root rot.
Propagating trailing Philodendrons is extremely simple. Just clip off a piece under a node and place in water. It will grow roots rather quickly as long as you change the water at least weekly. After the roots have grown about three inches, you can transition to your potting medium. You can also utilize moss or perlite propogation as well.
Leaf Spot Disease:
If your Philodendron has been sitting in wet soil for too long, they may start to develop spots on their leaves. This infection is easily treatable. Simply remove the plant from the wet soil. Then completely rinse soil off of the roots and trim off any rotted segments (black instead of tan/white). Spray roots with a hydrogen peroxide mix (1/3 hydrogen peroxide, 2/3 water). Allow a few minutes to kill any bacteria. Then replant with well draining, fresh soil.