Varieties of Trailing Philodendrons
The heartleaf Philodendron (HLP) is a staple trailing houseplant hailing from South America. This vining plant is very forgiving and easy to take care of. Give it enough light, and it will reward you with long tendrils. It is easily confused with the jade pothos. HLP tend to have more delicate stems, smaller nodes, and more heart shaped leaves.
The philodendron brasil is one of the most striking trailing philodendrons. While somewhat common, this plant has striking colors and variegation. It is related to the HLP.
Philodendron Hederaceum "Lemon Lime":
The lemon lime philodendron is a very bright addition to your home garden. Instead of variegation, it has a striking chartreuse color throughout.
Philodendron Micans is one of my favorite plants! The beautiful green foliage has a "fuzz" over the top that gives it a striking burnt orange sheen. This plant grows especially large leaves when allowed to climb.
Easy Care Facts:
Philodendrons are capable in living in a wide range of light. Even low light spaces can accommodate this plant. But if you want full, quick growth place near a window for bright indirect light. I've had HLP that can withstand direct sun with regular watering.
Water about weekly when the top inch of soil is dry. Philodendrons tend to want more water than most plants, but do not like to sit in wet soil. Do not over water, as moist soil can lead to root rot. Philodendrons are also susceptible to leaf spot disease when over watered. Winter requires less water.
Utilize fertilizer Spring-Fall (local weather depending). Fertilize about once per month using a high quality fertilizer.
Most trailing philodendrons do not require higher humidity, although they will produce larger leaves in new growth when given a more humid environment. You can mist to increase humidity.
The ideal temperature in the day is 65-80 degrees F in the daytime, but do not drop below 55 in the evening.
Philodendrons' leaves are toxic to humans and pets. Typical reactions include swelling of lips and tongue, stomach ache, and vomiting.
Tips and Tricks
Trimming of your trailing Philodendrons is essential! Not only does it promote faster, fuller growth, it allows you to make more plants through propagation. Trim your plant down 2-3 times a year for optimal results. Trim off any yellow or brown leaves as they develop. Yellow leaves tend to be from overwatering, while brown stem from underwatering.
Philodendrons tend to be quick growing plants. Repot in the spring with a pot 1-2 inches larger than the previous pot. Use a well draining soil mix that won't hold excess water to prevent root rot.
Propagating trailing Philodendrons is extremely simple. Just clip off a piece under a node and place in water. It will grow roots rather quickly as long as you change the water at least weekly. After the roots have grown about three inches, you can transition to your potting medium.
Leaf Spot Disease:
If your Philodendron has been sitting in wet soil for too long, they may start to develop spots on their leaves. This infection is easily treatable. Simply remove the plant from the wet soil. Then completely rinse soil off of the roots and trim off any rotted segments (black instead of tan/white). Spray roots with a hydrogen peroxide mix (1/3 hydrogen peroxide, 2/3 water). Allow a few minutes to kill any bacteria. Then replant with well draining, fresh soil.